Here is our comprehensive US online sports betting state-by-state guide 2019/2020.
Is Online Betting Allowed in Your State?
- Is Online Betting Allowed in Your State?
- States where online gambling is legal:
- US States to Legalize Online Gambling in 2020/2021
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- Washington State
- Washington D.C.
- West Virginia
Nearly every US state has some form of legalized gambling in 2019. But no two states are the same. Some have the biggest casinos in the world, some have giant cardrooms for poker, while some struggle to provide a lottery.
On a federal level, most online gambling is illegal. But that hasn’t stopped individual states from passing their own laws.
In 2013, Nevada, Delaware and New Jersey became the first states to legalize online gaming. Nevada still doesn’t allow online casinos but that could change in the coming years. Pennsylvania has joined the pack with some major new casinos and gambling sites. Daily Fantasy Sports is also legal in many states.
The legal landscape is changing all the time in the United States. Here is a current list of games and markets – both online and offline – that are legal in the US by state.
States where online gambling is legal:
|Alabama||AL||Pari-mutuel, casino, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Alaska||AK||Bingo, pull tabs|
|Arizona||AZ||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Arkansas||AR||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports|
|California||CA||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Colorado||CO||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Connecticut||CT||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Delaware||DE||Pari-mutuel, casino, online casino, online sports betting, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|District of Columbia||DC||Lottery, casino, sports betting, daily fantasy sports|
|Florida||FL||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Georgia||GA||Lottery, casino, online lottery, bingo|
|Idaho||ID||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo|
|Illinois||IL||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo|
|Indiana||IN||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo, poker|
|Iowa||IA||Pari-mutuel, online sports betting, sports betting, lottery, casino, bingo, poker|
|Kansas||KS||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, daily fantasy sports, charity bingo, poker|
|Kentucky||KY||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, daily fantasy sports, charity bingo|
|Louisiana||LA||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo, poker|
|Maine||ME||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo, poker|
|Maryland||MD||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo, daily fantasy sports|
|Massachusetts||MA||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Michigan||MI||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, lottery, sports betting, poker|
|Minnesota||MN||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo, poker|
|Mississippi||MS||Casino, charity bingo, pull tabs|
|Missouri||MO||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, charity bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Montana||MT||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker, raffles, sports tabs|
|Nebraska||NE||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo, daily fantasy sports, keno|
|Nevada||NV||Casino, sports betting, online sports betting, poker, online poker, bingo|
|New Hampshire||NH||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, bingo, online sports betting, sports betting, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|New Jersey||NJ||Pari-mutuel, casino, poker, online poker, online casino, sports betting, lottery, bingo, daily fantasy sports|
|New Mexico||NM||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|New York||NY||Pari-mutuel, casino, lottery, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|North Carolina||NC||Lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|North Dakota||ND||Pari-mutuel, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Ohio||OH||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Oklahoma||OK||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Oregon||OR||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Pennsylvania||PA||Pari-mutuel, lottery, online casino, casino, online sports betting, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Rhode Island||RI||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|South Carolina||SC||Lottery, casino, bingo, daily fantasy sports|
|South Dakota||SD||Lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Tennessee||TN||Lottery, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports,|
|Texas||TX||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Utah||UT||Bingo, daily fantasy sports|
|Vermont||VT||Daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Virginia||VA||Lottery, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Washington||WA||Pari-mutuel, lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|West Virginia||WV||Lottery, casino, online sports betting, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Wisconsin||WI||Lottery, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
|Wyoming||WY||Pari-mutuel, casino, sports betting, bingo, daily fantasy sports, poker|
US States to Legalize Online Gambling in 2020/2021
|State||Legal online gambling in 2020/21?|
|California||Maybe in next 2 years.|
|District of Columbia||No|
|Iowa||Sports betting 2019|
|Michigan||Online sports betting, online casino|
|Mississippi||Sports betting 2019|
|New Hampshire||Sports betting (2020)|
|New Jersey||Already legal|
|New York||Sports betting 2019|
|North Carolina||Sports betting 2019|
|Pennsylvania||Already legal; online poker 2020, DFS 2020|
|Rhode Island||Online sports betting 2019.|
|West Virginia||Online casino, online poker|
Since 2013, just a handful of US states have full legalized online casinos, online poker, and online sports betting. Others, like Nevada, have a limited selection of legal gaming.
Despite attempts by some senators to push for federal laws banning all online gambling in the US, states are still free to pass their own legislation.
And in 2018, the US Supreme Court ruled that a 1992 law banning single-match betting was unconstitutional. When PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992) was repealed, it paved the way for individual states to give legal online sports wagering the green light.
Some states, like West Virginia, now have laws in place allowing for legal sportsbooks for residents to bet at. Others are trying to pass their own laws. Here’s a current list of US states who could pass online gambling laws by 2020 or 2021.
Several US states now have legal online gambling, covering casino games, online poker, and sports betting. Here’s a list of what you can expect to find at the legalized states in the United States like New Jersey, Delaware, and Nevada.
Alabama Sports Betting Legislation and Online Gambling. Sports betting in Alabama hasn’t been an option for gamblers until very recently. However, a limited range of pari-mutuel betting at live dog tracks is available.
The options, even for pari-mutuel gamblers, are limited. And there are additional pool taxes and horse wagering fees for players which can eat into winnings.
Luckily, the Supreme Court’s new stance on sports betting in the USA has allowed Alabama to proceed with new legislation. The Supreme Court ruled against the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018, paving the way for states to introduce sports betting bills of their own.
So far, the best hope of new Alabama sports betting legislation is Bill HB315. HB315 would see the setting up of the Alabama Sports Wagering Commission, which would be responsible for issuing seven gaming licenses to operators. Sports betting in Alabama would also be allowed by mobile phone.
Traditionally, Alabama gambling laws have been prohibitive. However, in 2019 the state legalized DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports), paving the way for major US operators like DraftKings and FanDuel to return to the market. That’s a change in stance for Alabama lawmakers, who only outlawed fantasy sports in 2016.
The success of regulated sports betting in Alabama probably depends on how successful bills are in other states. Since the Supreme Court’s ruling, around 35 states have proposed new sports gambling bills of their own.
Alaska Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Alaska traditionally has some of the most prohibitive gambling laws in the US. Some pari-mutuel betting is permitted at racetracks, while there is also a state lottery. But online casinos and sportsbooks have so far been banned.
That could all change if proposed Alaska gambling legislation goes through. Following 2018’s US Supreme Court ruling which freed up states to regulate sports betting online, Alaska has wasted no time in introducing its own laws. So far, however, only casinos and card games are being talked about.
Key is HB 103, which goes as far as establishing an Alaska Gaming Commission plus casinos with poker. But if it went to referendum, there’s no guarantee that Alaskans would favor a law change. In 2008, a state referendum was held on legalizing casino gambling. The ‘No’ vote won in a landslide.
There are already some tribal casinos and bingo halls in Alaska, run by tribes such as the Metlakatla Alaska Native Community. Bingo is available to players over 19, while slots can be played if you are 21 or over. Charitable games and pull tab cards are also permitted.
So, will Alaska legalize sports betting in 2019? It seems unlikely. There are only a handful of land-based horse racing venues in the state like TwinSpires and TVG but gambling is outlawed.
Arizona Sports Betting Online & Gambling Laws History. Arizona has traditionally been prohibitive on legal gambling in the state. But with Nevada on the border, the temptation to update current sports betting and gaming laws is hard to resist.
Many states have adjusted their position on sports betting since the 2018 ruling when the US Supreme Court overturned the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act).
That law from 1992 prohibited bets on single matches and games for money. And with PASPA gone, it has opened the doors for US states to introduce sports betting online for the first time.
Sports betting in Arizona is already possible, but there are strict limitations on where and how you can bet. Pari-mutuel betting is allowed at greyhound and horse race tracks. All racing and wagering is regulated by the Arizona Department of Gaming Division of Racing.
Off-track sports betting (OTB) in Arizona at the state’s tribal casinos is still banned but it is permitted at a selection of sports bars and pubs throughout Arizona.
Will Arizona legalize sports betting any time soon? As in a lot of US states, it could depend on the stance of Native American tribes. Some tribes are concerned that supporting new legislation could leave them open to losing exclusive operating rights on brick ‘n’ mortar casinos.
The Navajo Nation wants the tribes to maintain exclusive rights to operate sports betting in Arizona. This exclusivity seems the only way that tribes will agree to any new Arizona sports betting legislation.
Arkansas Sports Betting Legislation and Online Gambling Status. Arkansas has historically had a limited range of legal horse racing and greyhound racing. Sports betting in Arkansas has been restricted to pari-mutuel wagers at destinations like Oaklawn Park and Southland Park. As well as pari-mutuel betting, racetracks also offer some electronic games of skill (EGS). These were introduced under a 2010 Arkansas Code.
But since the US Supreme Court overturned the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018, states like Arkansas have looked at ways to expand their gambling operations, also online.
One campaign is Driving Arkansas Forward, an initiative to introduce new casinos to the state and expand gambling facilities at the Southland and Oaklawn racinos. Under new proposals, sports betting in Arkansas would be made totally legal for the first time.
In 2019, the prospects for Arkansas sports betting legislation don’t look good. Senate Bill 669 – the Athletic Event Wagering Act of 2019 – would have paved the way for licensed on-site betting on “athletic events” in Arkansas. However, under proposals, AR sportsbooks would be forced to return around 20 percent of revenue to leagues. That would come on top of the proposed state tax on online winnings.
But lawmakers in Arkansas are keen on some form of legalized gambling (online via mobile?). In 2018, the green light was given to four new casinos. These casinos will be able to sports betting in Arkansas when they open.
California Online Gambling Laws and Sportsbetting History. Californians have long enjoyed legalized poker, pari-mutuel betting and casino games across the state. But the story is different online.
In 2019, there is still no sign of legalized online gambling, but like the many US states the situation could be changing.
After the removal of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) following a Supreme Court ruling in 2018, some senators are pushing ahead with a California sports betting bill.
Will California legalize sports betting? Assemblyman Adam Gray hopes so. In June 2019 Gray proposed a state constitutional amendment that would make sports betting totally legal in the state by 2020.
In fact, a referendum is being planned on the future of sports betting in California. The powerful tribal casinos in the state will likely ask for regulation, but if approved it could lead to licensed sports betting online.
The constitutional amendment will also let tribal casinos to run roulette and craps games for real money. The California sports betting legislation proposals will also let cardrooms offer wagering on sports on-site.
The Sunshine State’s long history of horse racing, which remains popular throughout the state, and proximity to Nevada – where the country’s largest sportsbooks can be found – suggest it’s only a matter of time before sports betting in California becomes a reality.
In addition, California has one of the richest professional sports traditions in the country. There are 20 franchises across football, basketball, and hockey, among other sports.
Gambling and Sports Betting in Colorado. When it comes to sports betting, Colorado lawmakers have traditionally taken a fairly anti-gambling stance. Casino gambling was legalized in 1990, but 1992’s PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) scuppered any attempts at passing a Colorado sports betting bill.
PASPA was scrapped in 2018 following a Supreme Court ruling, and so there is new hope of a Colorado sports betting bill appearing in 2019 or 2020.
So, will Colorado legalize online sports betting any time soon by 2020? Gamblers won’t be holding their breath. A 2014 Racetrack Gambling Bill faltered, with 70% of voters taking an anti-gaming stance.
But in April 2019, two lawmakers introduced a bill to make sports betting in Colorado legal. The bill, launched by Patrick Neville (R-Castle Rock) and Alec Garnett (D-Denver) would open the way for Colorado casino owners to apply for sports betting licenses.
Casinos in Colorado would be able to set up dedicated sportsbooks on their properties and allow single-match betting or parlays. They would also be able to set up online sportsbooks or their own mobile apps. However, existing Colorado racetracks would be prohibited from applying for sports betting licenses.
The main problem Colorado has is that under the proposed bill, gamblers aged 21 or over would have to visit brick and mortar casinos to verify their accounts. The location of most of Colorado’s casinos, clustered together in a tight area, makes the logistics tricky.
If successful, the 2019 Colorado sports betting bill would see sports books paying around 9-10 percent of net proceeds in tax. Voters will decide in November 2019 whether they like the proposals.
Gambling Laws and Online Sports Betting in Connecticut. Connecticut has had some form of legalized sports betting since the 1970s. However, bingo has been around since the late 1930s, raffles from the 1950s, and casino games since the 1970s. Connecticut also has some of the best tribal casinos in the US, including Foxwoods Resort Casino which opened in 1992.
Gambling in Connecticut is regulated by the Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) Gaming Division. The DCP also regulates and licenses Connecticut’s off-track sports betting operations. Greyhound racing is popular at locations like Plainfield Greyhound Park and Shoreline Star Greyhound Park.
And despite horse racing being legal in Connecticut, at least on paper, there are currently no racetracks operating in the state.
Connecticut sports betting legislation was proposed in 2017, a full year before the Supreme Court ruled against PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act). The best hope for a Connecticut sports betting bill, however, is HB7331 – An Act Concerning Sports Wagering in the State – which would see licensed sports wagering operators accepting bets from over 21s, online and on mobile devices.
Much will depend on the powerful tribal casinos when deciding legalized sports betting in Connecticut. If casino-operating Native American bodies like the Mohegan and Mashantucket Pequot tribes continue to threaten to withhold gaming revenue if sportsbooks are legalized, any bill could die before it has a chance of being passed.
Tribes in CT complain that legalized sports betting online or live would be in violation of their state compacts. Currently, tribal casinos have a monopoly on video gaming terminals in the state, the type of terminals needed for a successful sports betting operation.
But that stance seems to be shifting. The Mohegan and Mashantucket Pequot tribes may add sportsbooks to their casino operations soon.
Delaware Sports Betting Laws & Online Gambling 2019. Delaware was one of the first US states to legalize and regulate online poker and casino gambling. You can now play table games, slots, and poker at regulated sites aligned to existing brick ‘n’ mortar racinos.
But, in 2019, new Delaware sports betting legislation has made the state one of the few places in the US where residents can bet on single games too.
In fact, sports betting in Delaware became a reality even before New Jersey, another home of regulated online gambling in the US.
But Delaware sports betting legislation stretches back to 2009. The state passed a law offering the state lottery the chance to expand its range of games for residents. Parlay-style sports wagers were allowed for the first time.
However, it wasn’t until the 2018 US Supreme Court ruling that led to the repeal of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) that Delaware had the green light to legalize single match betting by itself.
In the first month of football season in 2018, the Delaware Lottery said it had taken nearly $17m in wagers. Bets covered both college football and the NFL.
Delaware allows sportsbooks at three brick ‘n’ mortar operations: Delaware Park, Dover Downs, and Harrington Raceway. However, Delaware gambling legislation doesn’t yet permit sports betting online and that’s where it falls behind New Jersey, which currently licenses nearly a dozen internet sportsbooks.
Florida Sports Betting Laws & Online Gambling Legislation. Despite having some of the best poker cardrooms and tribal casinos in the US, residents are still waiting for any meaningful Florida sports betting legislation to emerge.
In 2019, there are no land-based sportsbooks anywhere in the state or online gambling rooms. However, FL residents can play at DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) sites.
Will Florida legalize sports betting any time soon? The sticking point is the powerful tribal casinos. The Seminole Tribe of Florida operate the majority of the Sunshine State’s casinos and have traditionally been opposed to legal sports betting and online gaming expansion.
However, in 2019 a gaming summit took place between FL Governor Ron DeSantis and representatives of Seminole Gaming to discuss whether sports betting could be allowed at tribal casinos and pari-mutuel racetracks.
Deals take a long time in this part of the US so it seems unlikely that any new Florida sports betting bill will be emerging any time soon. And, unlike other states, no new bills have been proposed in the Senate.
Georgia Sports Betting Bills & Online Gambling. Like neighboring Florida, Georgia has long been hostile to any sort of legalized sports betting for casinos and online.
In fact, betting on all horse racing is banned in Georgia, and the only casinos that exist are seaborne gambling ships like Emerald Princess Casino.
Currently, all legal gambling is handled by the Georgia Lottery Corporation. They oversee lottery draws and responsible gambling in the state.
Under state law, sports betting is illegal in Georgia. And despite 2018’s US Supreme Court ruling repealing PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), Georgia hasn’t shown interest in adopting any sports betting laws of its own yet.
There have been attempts in Georgia to legalize DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports), and the state came close to passing legislation in 2017. However, the move to regulate paid-entry DFS faltered just as a bill was due to be signed.
That said, major DFS operators do accept bets from Georgia residents, despite a memo from Attorney General Sam Olens in 2016 declaring that fantasy sports was illegal.
Georgia looks unlikely to pass any laws regulating online sports betting, casinos, or poker any time soon. But if neighboring states push on with new legislation themselves, that could change.
Sports Betting and Online Gambling in Hawaii. Historically, Hawaii has had some of the most restrictive gambling laws in the whole of the US. Casinos are banned, as is poker and all sports betting. DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) sites are also blocked in Hawaii.
SB 665 seeks to establish legal sports wagering on a selection of sporting events. The key phrase in the bill language is “certain sporting events”. Under SB 665, not all sports matches will be eligible for wagers.
SB 17 goes much further. The Hawaii sports betting legislation would see a regulatory body set up to oversee internet gambling and keno, as well as sports wagering.
Finally, H 1107 was introduced in order to set up the Hawaii Sports Wagering Corporation. But Hawaii is in new territory with its proposed bills. It is one of only two US states that has no legal gaming at all. There isn’t even a state lottery in Hawaii but even that may be introduced if a Gaming Commission was set up under the new legislation.
Idaho Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Other than a limited selection of pari-mutuel betting, Idaho sports gamblers have pretty limited options in 2019. That comes despite a concerted effort by neighboring states pushing ahead with legalized sports betting in the USA.
So far, Montana, Oregon, and California all have some form of legal sports betting online or are proposing new laws in 2019. But Idaho risks being left behind.
In 2018, the US Supreme Court managed to overturn the outdated PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) from 1992 which effectively banned sports wagers on individual matches and games. The Supreme Court judgment opened the floodgates in the US for states keen on sportsbooks to introduce bills of their own.
Idaho is one of 10 US states where sports betting is not only illegal, but there is no legislative efforts in making it legal. Idaho gambling is legal in some tribal casinos like Coeur d’Alene Casino and Shoshone-Bannock Casino Hotel. There is also some pari-mutuel betting allowed under strict Idaho legislature.
Will Idaho legalize sports betting any time soon? The chances don’t look good but before the Supreme Court ruling, they didn’t look good for other US states either.
Similarly, there are no plans to legalize online gambling or sports betting in Idaho. Other than legal sweepstakes games on slots and poker, there is no regulated internet gaming in Idaho in 2019.
Illinois Sports Betting Bills and Gambling 2019. Illinois has a long history of legal riverboat casinos and pari-mutuel betting at racetracks. But until 2019, sports betting in Illinois was mostly prohibited.
That was until May 2019. First, the Sports Wagering Act (SB 176) was proposed by Senator Napoleon Harris III. The Illinois sports betting bill proposed to give the state’s Gaming Board the powers to authorize wagering in person at any establishment licensed under the Riverboat Gambling Act.
Senate Bill 690 – the Illinois Sports Betting Bill – sponsored by Senator Terry Link (D-Indian Hills) had better luck and was approved by the Senate in June 2019.
SB 690 will see an expansion of gambling in the state and allow casinos and racetracks to apply for Illinois gaming licenses. There are several gambling venues operating in the state (all waiting to start accepting mobile wagering): Guaranteed Rate Field, SeatGeek Stadium, Chicagoland Speedway, Wrigley Field, Soldier Field, United Center, and World Wide Technology Raceway. Under the proposed new bill, racetracks will also be allowed to install slots and casino table games. It is thought that 20 gambling licenses will be up for grabs, sports betting venues can also apply. That means that stadiums and sporting grounds can effectively accept bets on their premises, for example, whether they will allow college sports betting or not – up to them.
Sports betting online is big business in Illinois too. Fantasy Sports, which is popular around the state, will be allowed to continue to operate but may have to exist under license from an existing brick ‘n’ mortar casino. Here is where you can bet on daily fantasy in Chicago.
Indiana Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling 2019. Up until now, Indiana hasn’t offered any sort of legal sports betting other than pari-mutuel betting at the state’s racinos. However, Indiana has a long history of riverboat style casinos which offer roulette and table games like blackjack. These have been around since the 1990s and mostly converge on Lake Michigan.
Indiana also has a selection of tribal casinos operated by the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians. But major US casino brands like Tropicana and Caesars Entertainment operate racinos in Illinois.
After the US Supreme Court overturned the 1992 PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018, many states have seen it as a green light to propose new gambling bills.
Indiana wasn’t content with just one new bill, and there are three bills being proposed in 2019. HB 1362, SB 439, and SB 552 will open the doors to sports betting in Indiana at licenses racinos and riverboats.
Indiana is one of the US states where Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) is available. But currently, there is nothing in the proposed Indiana sports betting bill that marks out Fantasy Sports for special consideration.
Iowa Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling Laws 2019. Iowa gambling has long been confined to pari-mutuel racetracks and casinos. Currently, in Iowa, online casinos, online poker, and other forms of online gambling for money are banned. The state has shown no appetite for legalizing internet gaming like other states such as Delaware, New Jersey, and Nevada.
And until 2019, the chances of online gambling and sports betting becoming legal seemed remote. That comes despite pari-mutuel betting on greyhounds and horse racing has been available in Iowa since the 1980s. Bills proposing legalized online betting in Iowa failed in 2012 and 2013.
Following the Supreme Court’s ruling on the veracity of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018, an Iowa sports betting bill has looked like being more of a prospect. In fact, Iowa Bill HF2448 had already been introduced by the time PASPA – a law banning bets on single-match sports contests – was reversed.
The bill related to the setting up of gambling licenses for the purposes of sports betting in Iowa. Bill HF2448 was delayed but could be adjusted. And in early 2019, UK bookmaker William Hill signed a deal with Iowa’s Prairie Meadows Racetrack & Casino in preparation for any new online sports betting legislation.
The Iowa sports betting bill would allow for sports bets to be accepted at Iowa’s land-based casinos. Online sportsbook apps will also be permitted. Wagers on college and professional sports will be permitted, but casinos will have to pay $25,000 to apply for a license to provide sports betting in Iowa.
Both the Iowa Gaming Association and Iowa state lottery are keen for any new sports betting laws. But the future is uncertain for Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) sites which are currently prohibited in Iowa.
Kansas Sportsbetting Online & Gambling Laws. Kansas already has an existing network of regulated racetracks where pari-mutuel betting is permitted.
In the mid-1980s, the Kansas Parimutuel Racing Act was passed. The KPRA led to the creation of the Kansas Racing Commission who oversees all regulated horse racing and pari-mutuel betting in the state. In 2019, only land-based pari-mutuel betting is allowed, and there is currently no online sports betting permitted in Kansas.
But following the 2018 Supreme Court ruling against PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), it has paved the way for brand new Kansas sports betting legislation.
Three bills are being proposed in Kansas in 2019, and sports bettors will be hoping that at least one of them makes it through the State Legislature.
HB 2032 provides a framework for legalized sports betting on single races and games to be permitted through Kansas’s racetrack facilities. The key word in the law’s short title is “solely”. Only racetrack gaming facilities will be permitted to run sports betting in the state.
HB 2068 is the Kansas gambling bill that goes further than any other piece of legislation. HB 2068 will see the creation of a Kansas wagering act and will bring in the state’s tribal casinos to run operations. In addition, SB 23 will give powers to the Kansas lottery. They will be allowed to offer sports betting at registered retailers, although specific limits and markets are unclear.
Kentucky Sports betting Bills & Online Gambling Laws. Kentucky is home to one of the world’s most famous horse races: the annual Kentucky Derby. But if lawmakers get their way in 2019, the state could be home to some of the most liberal sports betting rules in the South.
Currently, Kentucky has legalized horse racing across the state. Pari-mutuel betting is also permitted at racetracks. It’s even possible to download pari-mutuel software to run pooled betting at country clubs and members clubs.
In 2010, the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission altered its rules on pari-mutuel betting to allow gamblers to place wagers on Instant Racing. These are historic races played on electronic terminals which have already been run.
But will Kentucky legalize sports betting as it’s known in states like Nevada and Delaware? Following the 2018 Supreme Court ruling on single-match betting which opened the way for states to pass their own laws, Kentucky senators have proposed no fewer than five potential bills.
SB23 is the Kentucky sports betting bill that may have the biggest chance of success. It would establish an overall Kentucky Gaming Commission, as well as permitting the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission to oversee sports gambling at Kentucky tracks.
HB 175, meanwhile, works slightly differently. It establishes fees and sets up the framework for legalized fantasy sports competitions. There is also the potential in HB 175 for some licensed online poker in Kentucky.
So, will Kentucky legalize sports betting in 2019? There may be no time left under current sessions, but state senators are hopeful for 2020.
Louisiana Sports betting Legislation & Online Gambling History. Sports betting in Louisiana could become a possibility if neighboring Mississippi continues to accept wagers from local gamblers.
But Louisiana already has a history of legal gambling. There are land-based and riverboat casinos across the state, including one in New Orleans. You can also wager on pari-mutuel betting markets at Louisiana’s racetracks and greyhound tracks.
Simulcast and off-track betting is available too at Louisiana’s racinos like Delta Downs in Vinton and Harrah’s Louisiana Downs in Bossier City. Some off-track wagering is available at Fair Grounds casinos in the state.
But will Louisiana legalize sports betting completely in 2019? Not so far. However, legalized betting at Louisiana casinos was proposed in 2018 following the US Supreme Court’s judgment on the legality of single-match sports wagers.
SB 266 would make single-match betting on sports legal at Harrah’s Casino, plus Louisiana’s riverboat casinos. The bill was rejected in 2018 but lawmakers may have another attempt at passing it in 2020.
Similarly, the Louisiana House of Representatives voted down a proposal in 2018 to allow Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) sites to operate in the state. The proposed bill would have allowed real money DFS games to be played in Louisiana on smartphones and tablets.
So far, Louisiana has shown no appetite to join Delaware, Nevada and New Jersey in regulating and legalizing online gambling. But new sports betting legislation may be the first step.
Maine Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Maine has had some form of legalized pari-mutuel betting and bingo since the 1950s. The Maine Lottery began in the 1970s and there is also a small selection of regulated casinos with poker.
But Maine’s proximity to New Jersey and Delaware means we could see some kind of Maine gambling laws emerging in 2019.
Currently, there is just one major Maine sports betting bill being proposed. In June 2019 the Maine Senate voted narrowly in favor of passing bill SB 553.
SB 553 is a wide-ranging bill that would allow casinos and racetracks to accept single bets on games and races. The bill has only come about because of 2018’s US Supreme Court ruling against the terms of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act). This opened the way for states to launch their own sports betting laws if senators have the desire.
Under SB 553, mobile gamblers would also be able to place bets if located within Maine state lines. And 11 land-based casinos and racetracks in the Pine State would be able to apply for licenses. These include Scarborough Downs racetrack and Bangor’s Hollywood Casino.
Where SB 553 was successful, others were less successful. LD 1515 was sponsored by Rep. Dustin White and would have allowed over-18s to place sports bets at racetracks. However, online and mobile sports betting in Maine was off the agenda.
Similarly, LD 1348 had several supporters and was closer to the bill that paved the way for legalized sports betting in New Jersey. Under LD 1348, online sports betting would have been permitted.
Maryland Sports betting Legislation & Online Gambling History. Maryland still has no legalized sports betting or online gambling. But that doesn’t mean that senators haven’t tried in 2018 and 2019.
Currently, Maryland has some brick and mortar casinos and racetracks that offer pari-mutuel betting. The Maryland Lottery is also popular with residents. But the recent re-evaluation of US sports betting laws is expanding opportunities for new gambling legislation in the state.
In 2018, the US Supreme Court overturned PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) which had previously banned the betting on single matches. It has opened the way for individual states to pass sports betting legislation, including rules on online wagering.
Maryland has moved ahead with its own proposals. For sports betting in Maine, HB 1132 is the primary piece of legislation. It gives powers to the State Lottery and Gaming Control Agency to facilitate regulated sports betting in Maryland. In addition, horse racing operators will be allowed to apply for licenses to provide sports betting.
However, both HB 1132 and an earlier bill, SB 470 – which would have allowed racetracks to offer sports betting and terminals – have failed to get through the Maryland Senate.
Will Maryland legalize sports betting in 2019? It looks unlikely, as there have now been around half a dozen bills that have died in the Senate. But neighboring Washington D.C. is also considering sports betting laws. If Washington passes its own gaming legislation and it succeeds, Maryland may have another go.
Sports Betting in Massachusetts & Online Gambling Legislation. Massachusetts has only had legalized brick ‘n mortar gambling since around 2011. When the Expanded Gaming Act was passed, it paved the way for land-based casinos to open their doors to MA gamblers. So far, however, there are only a handful of casino resorts.
Massachusetts also has racinos like Plainridge Park Casino where pari-mutuel betting on harness racing is permitted. Plainridge also has an indoor theater where gamblers can watch and bet on pool-based simulcast races.
In 2018, following an appeal by New Jersey, the US Supreme Court overturned 1992’s PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) which had outlawed betting on single sports contests. Following that ruling, it has opened the floodgates for individual states to pass their own sports betting laws.
There aren’t just one Massachusetts sports betting bill in 2019. In fact, the Bay State has half a dozen proposed laws on the table.
HB 372 and HB 373 were both introduced by Carlos Gonzalez (D-Springfield) and relate to licenses and gross sports wagering revenue. S 2273 relates to fantasy sports, which is currently illegal in Massachusetts. SB 201, proposed by Senator Brendan Crighton, would restrict sports betting to licensed facilities.
All proposed laws on sports betting in Massachusetts are pretty similar, but effectively single match wagering on sports would be made legal for the first time. If passed, any new law would likely make it legal for over-21s to place sports bets at casinos like Plainridge Park. But for now, MA gamblers may be waiting some time for the new laws to pass.
Michigan Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Michigan has long been earmarked as one of the US states that could be next to legalize online gaming and sports betting.
MI already has a range of tribal casinos and commercial casinos in the Detroit area. There is also pari-mutuel betting around racetracks and greyhound tracks in the state. Horse racing and betting were established as far back as the 1930s with the Racing Act of 1933.
Some charitable gaming is also permitted and regulated by the Michigan Gaming Control Board.
But until now, Michigan has been slow to catch up with states like New Jersey and Delaware in offering legal gambling and sports betting online. Mi Lottery online (official Michigan Lottery at michiganlottery.com), which offers welcome bonuses to its new players and promo codes to activate promotions. Until now, that is.
Michigan looks close to finalizing its own legal sports betting online. HB 4926 would see the creation of a “lawful internet gaming act”, making online gambling in MI a reality. A separate Division of Internet Gaming would also be created in Michigan. Operators would be properly licensed, regulated, and taxed as part of the new laws.
Interestingly, the new law is restricted to online gambling sites. Online poker would be permitted along with sports betting. But the online poker measures were vetoed by outgoing MI governor, Rick Snyder, in late 2018. The veto came just days after HB 4926 was due to be passed in the Michigan House and Senate.
But the whole bill itself could die if Michigan Governor, Gretchen Whitmer, continues her opposition to expansion. Gov. Whitmer is worried about the effect that online gambling would have on the state lottery. Michigan’s new gambling laws are in place, but they may face a tough time in 2019 and 2020 before they are finally passed.
Online Gambling and Sports Betting in Minnesota. In 2019, a sports betting bill got past the first stage of becoming law in Minnesota. Roger Chamberlain, the Senate Tax Committee Chairman, had his proposed sports betting bill passed by a margin of 5-2.
If successful, betting on individual races would be allowed at Minnesota’s two racetracks, Running Aces and Canterbury Park, in addition to the state’s tribal casinos. Sports betting online and via mobile would also be made legal.
However, there is likely to be fierce opposition from Minnesota’s 21 tribal casinos who would like to have exclusive rights on sports wagering.
Chamberlain’s wasn’t the only one to attempt to introduce a Minnesota sports betting bill in 2019. Pat Garofalo (R-Farmington) is proposing a bill that would permit betting on professional and college games. Furthermore, the bill would only allow for sports bets to be taken at the state’s tribal casinos.
That could be the deal breaker for the Minnesota Indian Gaming Association. They currently oversee all of the state’s tribal casinos and are opposed to any sports betting in Minnesota that takes place outside reservations.
Lawmakers in Minnesota don’t want gamblers to travel to neighboring Wisconsin to place bets if the state legalizes betting itself. The question of will Minnesota legalizes sports betting could depend heavily on what nearby states do in 2019 and 2020.
Mississippi Sports Betting & Online Gambling Laws. Mississippi has only had legalized casinos since the 1990s after the Mississippi Gaming Control Act was passed. The southern state now boasts some of the best casinos in the US. Most casinos are tribal, many run by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians.
A new Mississippi sports betting bill in 2018 passed following some failed amendments. In fact, the Magnolia State was pushing ahead with sports gambling bills despite federal opposition. It wasn’t until the US Supreme Court’s ruling against the terms of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018 that Mississippi felt able to push on with its own sports betting legislation.
HB 967 made Mississippi gambling on sports a reality when it entered the state legislature. When HB 967 passed, two casinos – Gold Strike in Tunica and Beau Rivage in Biloxi – made history, becoming the first in the state to accept real money sports wagers. But all licensed operators in Mississippi are allowed to apply for a sports betting license.
Similar measures to regulate mobile and online sports betting in Mississippi have failed. Most recently, HB 1481 (mobile sports wagering) and SB 2667 (internet sports betting) were thrown out, and Mississippi residents will have to wait to place sports bets on their smartphones or tablets.
Mississippi has also passed legislation governing fantasy sports. S 2541 – the Fantasy Contest Act – paved the way to make Mississippi the first US state to officially legalize fantasy sports. Under the terms of the law, operators must acquire a license before operating in the state. However, the license currently carries no fee, making Mississippi a competitive prospect for DFS and fantasy sports providers.
Missouri Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Missouri has plenty of legalized gambling in casinos and on the racetrack. There is also bingo and a regulated state lottery.
Riverboat casinos have run in Missouri since the 19th century, and pari-mutuel betting on horse races also has a long history in the state. Bingo was legalized in the 1980s, and the state’s first regulated lottery appeared in 1986.
However, until 2019 sports betting was illegal in the state. That has changed with the US Supreme Court ruling against the restrictions of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) that has freed up states to pass their own sports betting laws.
Missouri sports betting legislation rests on one of seven bills succeeding. H 119 underwent an amendment in 2019 by the Missouri House General Laws Committee whereby an “integrity fee” was added to handle, the amount of cash accepted in wagers.
The integrity fee amounted to 0.25% of all cash taken to go toward colleges and professional sports leagues. There is also a 0.6% fee intended for renovation and maintenance of stadiums in Missouri.
Unlike other states, provisions are being made for mobile sports wagering. Every gaming license would allow operators to run up to three skins.
Bill S 44 also includes language surrounding mobile sports wagers. Similarly, Bill S 222 features a low tax rate on operator revenue of 6.75%.
Key to the success of Missouri sports betting legislation is the enthusiasm of the state casinos. Missouri casinos are keen on regulated sports wagering as they eye up potential revenue streams.
Montana Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling Laws. In 2018, the Supreme Court overturned the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), which had previously banned single-match betting for most states.
Luckily, Montana was one of a few US states which were exempt from the law. Sports betting in Montana had up to that point largely consisted of betting squares contests. These games featured cards of 100 squares and outcomes and worked a little like pool betting.
Despite the exemption, the state is forging ahead with updated sports betting rules. The Montana state lottery will allow legalized sports wagering, thanks to a new law passed in 2019 by the Montana Legislature. For the first time in Montana, gambling will be permitted on single matches rather than pools. Lottery giant Intralot is in charge of running the sportsbook operation until 2026.
The 2019 Montana sports betting bill made the state the ninth in the USA to pass new legislation. There are some limitations, however. Licensed bars and restaurants will be able to take bets, and new mobile apps will only work within these outlets.
The Montana Lottery is predicting that sports betting in Montana – which is expected to go live in September 2019 – will make $3.7m in revenue in its first year of operation.
Montana has traditionally been restrictive on pari-mutuel betting too. But another bill, H 475, introduced in 2019, will seek to make pari-mutual sports betting in Montana legal as well. Pari-mutuel bets are pooled among all gamblers betting on horse and greyhound races at state tracks.
Nebraska Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling. Nebraska has some of the most restrictive gambling and betting laws in the United States.
Outside tribal casinos and some commercial casinos – which are regulated under the 1988 Indian Gaming Regulatory Act – there is little in the way of sports gambling.
There are legal racetracks in Nebraska where pari-mutuel betting is permitted. Lotteries are also run on a state level. However, attempts to liberalize gambling in Nebraska have so far ultimately failed.
Nebraska is one of the few US states where there are no plans in 2019 to legalize sports betting. But Nebraskans can still cross the short border to Iowa and bet at one of the state’s casinos. Iowa itself is set to legalize sports betting in 2019, and Nebraska risks being left behind.
The Nebraska Legislature has allowed for fantasy sports in the state. And in March 2019, LB 137 was introduced by Carol Blood (Bellevue). The proposed bill sets up a framework for taxation and regulation of DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) operators in Nebraska.
That would mark a major departure from the previous Nebraska Constitution stance which largely prohibits most forms of gambling.
Nevada Sports Betting and Online Gambling Laws 2019. Nevada is one of a handful of US states where sports betting on individual games is allowed. In fact, Nevada was the first US state to make betting legal.
By the time PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) was passed in 1992, effectively outlawing sports betting on single matches, Nevada had already legalized commercial gaming. New states were prohibited from passing any fresh laws of their own.
But in the interim, Nevada gambling on sports has grown at a huge rate. Las Vegas now hosts some of the biggest legalized sports books anywhere in the world. Parlay betting is also permitted. In 2017, sports betting in Nevada was worth nearly $250m. That revenue came from some $5bn in wagers.
Sportsbooks like Lagasse’s at The Palazzo and Caesars Palace offers betting on every conceivable game. Caesars Palace boasts 12×15 foot screens so gamblers can watch games as they place bets.
But it’s online where Nevada sports betting legislation has had its biggest impact. There are currently 10 apps allowing online sports betting in Nevada. Gamblers can place single-match bets via their desktop or mobile phones, and bonus offers are available at all legal sportsbooks. As long as you are over 21 and physically located within NV state lines, you can gamble online.
New Hampshire Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling Laws. New Hampshire has been central in the recent fight against the Department of Justice (DOJ). In 2019, the US District Court for New Hampshire witnessed a ruling that said the DOJ’s reinterpretation of the Wire Act was incorrect.
The original federal case was brought by the New Hampshire Lottery following the DOJ’s change. The DOJ had adjusted its interpretation of the 1961 Wire Act back in 2011, saying that the law only applied to sports betting across state lines in the USA.
In 2018, however, the DOJ changed tack, saying that on a federal level, ALL forms of gambling, including online betting, was unlawful. But that extreme stance is being challenged, and the DOJ has put its blanket ban on hold until 2020. For now, then, the New Hampshire Lottery continues to operate.
But in terms of New Hampshire sports betting legislation, 2019 saw two new bills introduced to the State Legislature. Under Bill HB 480, the state Lottery Commission will be permitted to regulate sports betting in New Hampshire. Bets will be allowed to NH players aged 18 or older, and professional and collegiate sports events will be covered by the law.
In addition, Senate Bill SB 310 will permit the licensing of land-based casinos with video lottery terminals. Sports betting in New Hampshire will also be allowed via licensed operators.
Will New Hampshire legalize sports betting in 2019? It looks likely that SB 310 will be ditched in order for HB 480 to be successful. Senator Lou D’Allesandro (D-District 20) will be hoping that it is a success. He has been pushing for licensed sports betting and casinos in New Hampshire for decades.
New Jersey Online Gambling Laws & Sports Betting legislation 2019/2020. Along with Nevada, New Jersey has some of the most liberal sports betting and gambling laws in the US. Casinos and poker are legal, and the state was one of the first to regulate online casino gaming back in 2013.
However, sports betting in New Jersey hasn’t been possible. That was until a 2018 US Supreme Court ruling brought by New Jersey against the limitations of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act). As PASPA was overturned, it opened the way for states to accept bets on individual sports contests and matches. New Jersey already had the land-based casinos and online gaming platforms ready to launch regulated sportsbooks.
Sports betting in New Jersey is possible through a new sports wagering bill that was passed in 2018. AB 4111 makes it possible to place single match wagers online (mobile) and at licensed sports books in the Garden State. Collegiate sports and athletics are prohibited under the new New Jersey sports betting legislation. Fantasy sports and Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) are also legal and regulated in New Jersey. In July 2019, there are 14 legalized online and mobile sportsbooks operating in NJ. You can bet on sports online at PointsBet sportsbook or sign up at BetAmerica NJ. You can bet on horse racing online with 4NJBets or NyraBets. All of them offer various reward-programs to the existing players and welcome bonus promotions (deposit bonus or no deposit bonus) to new customers.
There are nearly a dozen land-based sportsbooks situated in commercial casinos in Atlantic City. But all online and land-based sportsbooks are regulated by the NJ DGE (Division of Gaming Enforcement).
Sports betting in New Jersey has been a massive success. Since the state legalized sportsbooks, New Jersey gamblers wagered more in some months than in other states in the US. During May 2019, NJ sportsbooks raked in over $318m in wagers.
New Mexico Sports Betting & Online Gambling. New Mexico has some legalized casino gaming and pari-mutuel betting at the state’s racetracks. But the state caught people by surprise when it launched a sportsbook at one of its existing tribal casinos.
In 2018, the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel introduced a land-based sportsbook for local visitors to place wagers. But prior to that deal, New Mexico sports betting legislation looked highly unlikely.
The same year, the Supreme Court declared that the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) was unconstitutional. That has opened the door for states like New Mexico to pursue legalized sports betting online and in land-based casinos.
New Mexico sports betting legislation could actually come under the existing Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. If sports betting is classed as Class III gaming, then tribal casinos will be permitted to offer real money wagers to visitors.
On a state level, sports betting is still considered illegal outside tribal casinos. In fact, New Mexico sports betting legislation was toughened in 2019 when HB 441 was introduced. The proposed bill – Lottery Changes – will ban mobile betting and video lottery games in the state. Outside tribal casino properties, it looks like a long road ahead for legal sports betting in New Mexico.
New York Sports Betting Bills & Online Gambling Laws 2019/2020. New York has slowly been catching up with neighboring New Jersey when it comes to legalizing casinos and sports betting.
The state made some sports betting legal through S 5883, but the rules have been slow to be implemented.
Bill S 5883 is the key New York sports betting legislation that could change the landscape in the Big Apple. It would have expanded casino gambling in New York and made sports betting legal across the state. Opposition in the Senate put a hold on S 5883 but legalized sports betting in New York could still materialize.
Some legal sportsbooks will be permitted at tribal casinos and commercial casinos in New York, but the range of permitted casinos will be limited. Four casinos in upstate New York plus tribal casinos will start taking bets. For now, New Yorkers have to cross the border and gamble at New Jersey sportsbooks in Atlantic City. You can, however, wager on horse racing online, via NyraBets app.
There is actually a range of new bills aimed at making sports betting legal online and on mobile. SB S17 is sponsored by Joseph P. Addabbo Jr (Dem) and would allow affiliate betting off-track. That would mean sports stadiums or online sites could offer betting markets. AB A1339 would establish a task force to oversee online sports betting in New York State.
So, will New York legalize sports betting? It’s possible that some kind of single match wagering bill will get through eventually but maybe not until 2020. There is still opposition from Governor Andrew Cuomo about whether mobile sports betting is constitutional or not.
North Carolina Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling Laws. In 2019, sports betting is illegal in North Carolina, although there are some tribal casinos across the state. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians holds the monopoly on casino gaming in NC, where table games and slots are available.
But that could all change. The state is currently debating whether to make sports betting in North Carolina legal. If a bill is successful, casinos like Harrah’s Cherokee Casino Resort and Harrah’s Cherokee Valley River would be allowed to open sportsbooks on their land.
After the landmark Supreme Court ruling in 2018 where PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) was overturned,
There are two new bills being considered in North Carolina. Under proposals, off-track pari-mutuel betting would be made legal through Senate Bill SB 165. The bill also calls for the creation of the North Carolina Lottery Commission which would oversee licensing. Any venues that want to provide pari-mutuel betting would have to pay a license fee.
But there is a new bill that would allow the state’s tribal casinos to operate sportsbooks under their roofs. S 154 would permit betting on college and professional sports, but wagering would be limited to being on the casino premises.
North Dakota Online Sports Betting & Gambling History. North Dakota has a history of tribal casino gaming. However, there is also some charitable gaming in the state. There is a range of tribes that oversee casino gambling like the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians and Spirit Lake Tribe.
Sports betting rules are slightly different, however. There is currently no legal sports betting in North Dakota but that hasn’t stopped senators trying to get bills passed.
The best bet for North Dakota sports betting legislation in 2019 was HB 1254, which would have paved the way for legalized sportsbooks at the state’s tribal casinos. Sports betting would have been classed as a game of chance, putting it in the same bracket as table games like roulette. But in terms of markets, HB 1254 would allow bets on college sports and professional leagues.
However, the bill died in a close vote in March 2019. Similarly, HB 1295 failed to get the required votes.
Licenses would have been issued to tribal casino operators in ND, but the state’s charitable gaming operators would also have been allowed to apply for licenses.
Ohio Sports Betting Legislation & Online Gambling Bills. Ohio has had legalized gambling since the Depression. Casinos were legalized in the state in 2012, and there is a popular state lottery too.
Commercial casinos exist across Ohio. Many of the country’s major operators, such as Eldorado, Hollywood Casino, and Hard Rock have brick ‘n mortar casinos in the state. There is also some regulated poker.
Racinos like Eldorado Gaming Scioto Downs blend pari-mutuel betting and slots with VLT (Video Lottery Terminal) gaming. However, online casinos and single-match sports betting is still illegal in Ohio.
The question of Ohio sports betting legislation rests on the future of mobile betting. Sen. John Eklund, who introduced S 316, was skeptical about mobile betting but he has since changed his stance.
Eklund has also said that professional sports leagues in Ohio may be on board if a royalty is paid to teams from any sports betting revenue. This “integrity fee” has been present in other states’ sports wagering bills.
So, will Ohio legalized sports betting? It looks possible, and stakeholders in the state are in favor. These include racetracks and some of the tribal casino operators.
Oklahoma Online Gambling & Sports Betting Legislation. Oklahoma is a contradiction when it comes to legalized gambling. The state has some excellent tribal casinos in Tulsa with table games and slots. There is also a range of racetracks offering off-track and on-track pari-mutuel betting. So far, however, online betting and sports betting on single matches has remained illegal.
In fact, Oklahoma tribal casinos had been looking at implementing some kind sports betting operations under the existing Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) as far back as 2017.
On a state level, Oklahoma sports betting legislation started in 2017, almost a year before the US Supreme Court decided to overturn the PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act). The Supreme Court’s move made it possible for individual states to pass laws regulating sports betting in their states.
In 2019, the only possible bill being proposed is HB 3375. It was approved in 2018 but any mention of sports betting was removed before it went through the State Legislature. Pool betting was still allowed under HB 3375, and some DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) is permitted in Oklahoma.
Charitable gaming is permitted under the Oklahoma Charity Games Act. The law covers bingo games for money and other enterprises that raise money for good causes.
So, will Oklahoma legalize sports betting in 2019? If HB 3375 is amended to guarantee regulation on single match betting, there is a good possibility. But the penalties for taking illegal bets are severed and can include fines or up to 30 days in prison.
Sports Betting in Oregon & Online Gambling Laws. Oregon already has an established legal casino network. But what about the state’s sports betting legislation?
In 2018, the US Supreme Court overruled the existing PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) which had long outlawed betting on single sports contests. It paved the way for individual states to introduce their own legislation.
Oregon is actually one of the few US states that operated some form of regulated sports betting prior to 2018. The Oregon Lottery ran a parlay card game from 1989 until 2007 called Sports Action but the scheme was scrapped after opposition from the NCAA and NFL.
But Oregon has a history of legal sports betting going back several decades. In the 1970s, Oregon introduced some off-track betting (OTB) at locations across the state. Currently, OTB is overseen by the Oregon Racing Commission. Only Portland Meadows has a license, under which all off-track betting sites operate. But off-stack betting can be found in around a dozen sports bars and billiards halls from Portland to Springfield.
The state-run Oregon Lottery is forging ahead with new sportsbook launches in 2019. The lottery is hoping to power a new mobile betting app in time for the start of the NFL season in September 2019. Retail betting is also part of the Oregon Lottery’s plans.
Pennsylvania Sports Betting & Online Gambling 2019/2020. Pennsylvania was the fourth US state to legalize online gambling after Nevada, New Jersey, and Delaware. But traditional casino gaming, horse racing, and lottery have been available since 2004.
A PA lottery was established in 1971 in a move to crack down on illegal gambling in the state. This led to some of the first tribal casinos in the 1980s and 1990s.
Pennsylvania really made a push for legalized gambling in 2004 when the Pennsylvania Racehorse Development and Gaming Act was passed. Slot machines were added to Pennsylvania’s four racetracks too. Table games were added in 2010.
Some pari-mutuel betting and off-track sports wagering has been allowed in PA for a few years. But it wasn’t until 2017 that Pennsylvania made moves to legalize and regulate online gambling. Online casino games and fantasy sports are now permitted under the new laws.
The gambling expansion bill was made in anticipation of the US Supreme Court’s repealing of PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act). This originally outlawed bets on single sports matches. But after PASPA deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, Pennsylvania was given the green light to pursue its own sports betting legislation. Sports betting online in Pennsylvania went live in 2019.
In June 2019, Parx Casino became the second PA establishment to secure an online sportsbook license. PA-based customers can now place bets on a range of sports like hockey, football, and baseball via their PCs, mobile phones and tablets. However, state gambling regulators were initially slow to implement legalized mobile betting.
Parx already operates a land-based sportsbook from its casino in Philadelphia. There are now around a dozen live sportsbooks in Pennsylvania, including Harrah’s Philadelphia, Mohegan Sun Pocono, BetRivers and SugarHouse.
Rhode Island Sports Betting & Online Gambling Legislation 2019. Like a lot of states on the east coast, Rhode Island has some legalized casino gaming as well as racinos, bingo, and lotteries.
Gaming is overseen by the Department of Business Regulation. They regulate licensing of pari-mutuel betting facilities in the state and also oversee operations at the Twin River Casino-Hotel in Lincoln and Tiverton Casino-Hotel.
Pari-mutuel betting isn’t unusual and this form of pool-type wagering is offered at most US states where single-match gambling is prohibited. However, that has now changed in Rhode Island.
Following the US Supreme Court ruling which overturned PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), some single-match sports betting was permitted in the state. Just the two casinos mentioned spread legalized sports betting in Rhode Island.
Part of the new law stipulated that sports wagering would be classed as Class III gaming. That could pave the way for other states with tribal casinos to do the same.
In 2019, Senate Bill S 37 was introduced by the Rhode Island State Legislature. It passed on March 25 and will set up a framework for legal sports betting online. Bets will only be taken through approved hosting facilities in the state. Though a proposed mobile app is due later in 2019, gamblers will have to register in person at either of the approved Tiverton or Twin River casinos.
Rhode Island has started out tentatively with legalized sports betting. But with neighboring New York also pushing on with legislation, Rhode Island doesn’t want to be left behind.
Sports Betting & Online Gambling Law in South Carolina. Traditionally, South Carolina has been fairly prohibitive on its gambling offerings. There is currently a limited range of casinos, while a state lottery was established in 2002.
Casinos in South Carolina are restricted to floating yachts like the Big “M” that set sail all year round from Myrtle Beach. They are the only places where SC gamblers can play slots or table games for real money.
And when it comes to horse racing wagers, even pari-mutuel betting at tracks is illegal in South Carolina. But that could change if state senators have their way.
In late 2018, the South Carolina state legislature introduced H 3409/S 57, a joint bill designed to overturn over 200 years of anti-gambling law. Under the proposed law, pari-mutuel betting on horse racing and sports would be made legal, as well as games of chance like roulette and craps. It’s one of the widest blanket bills being debated in the US in 2019.
At the same time, S 71 was proposed to set up a gambling study committee to examine the effects of legalized betting.
So, will South Carolina legalized sports betting, and will South Carolina gambling become a reality? Currently, H 3409/S 57 is in committee and is still some way to being passed.
Separately, the Catawba Indian Nation of South Carolina is fighting for permission to establish a tribal casino in the state. Any casino would be built under the terms of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act but may end up being built just over the border in North Carolina.
If lawmakers in SC relax their stance on online gambling and gambling in general, it could open the doors for the Catawba Indian Nation to move ahead.
South Dakota Sports Betting & Online Gambling Legislation. South Dakota has completely legal tribal and commercial casinos, as well as a lottery and some pari-mutuel betting on-track. So far, however, South Dakota sports betting legislation that would permit wagers online and in person doesn’t exist.
In fact, South Dakota has some of the oldest casinos in the US. The Buffalo Bodega Complex in Deadwood has been in operation since the 1800s.
South Dakota’s Commission on Gaming regulates gambling and pari-mutuel betting in the state. Betting is limited to just three tracks on selected weekends of the year. However, some simulcast wagering on out-of-state greyhound races and horse races is permitted in South Dakota.
In 2018, the US Supreme Court overturned PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), which opened the floodgates for up to 30 states to pursue their own sports betting laws.
South Dakota sports betting legislation is now a reality too. In 2019, Senate Joint Resolution 2 (SJR 2) was introduced by the State Legislature. SJR 2 is a fairly broad joint resolution which could lead to legalized sports betting in South Dakota.
As well as regulated sports wagering, SJR 2 may cover legal slot machines, card games, table games, and the state lottery. Will South Dakota legalize sports betting? It’s up in the air. In June 2019, Governor Kristi Noem stated that she didn’t want to see gaming expanding in the state, saying that the current levels of gambling is sufficient. A petition to get sports betting on a ballot next year is yet to be sent out.
Tennessee Sports Betting & Online Gambling. Tennessee is a contradiction when it comes to legalized gambling and sports wagering. Up until 2019, Tennessee had no legal casinos and a small amount of bingo and pari-mutuel horse racing.
However, that all changed with the introduction of House Bill 00001: the Tennessee Sports Gaming Act. The Tennessee sports betting legislation is perhaps unique in the US in that it only permits online and mobile gambling.
That is understandable given that there isn’t a single land-based casino in Tennessee. However, under the new law, Tennessee gamblers aged 21 or over will be able to place real money bets on sports via licensed mobile apps and online sportsbooks.
The Tennesse Sports Gaming Act also prohibits any betting on college sports. That’s different to some states who are pushing through sports wagering legislation in 2019. The law is likely to launch in late 2019 or 2020, making Tennessee the fourth state in 2019 to pass sports betting legislation of some kind.
Texas Sports Betting legislation. Like some southern states in the US, Texas doesn’t have any legal commercial casinos and little in the way of legalized sports betting. There is some pari-mutuel betting on horse races and greyhounds. Some major DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) sites now accept Texans as well.
But the Lone Star State has two bills in 2019 that could pave the way for wagering on college and professional sports. Both were filed by Eddie Lucio III (D-Brownsville) and are the sole bills being discussed in Texas.
HB 1275: HB 1275 relates to the regulation of sports betting in Texas. Sportsbook operators must be land-based and will have to apply for an occupational permit if they want to accept wagers. Sports betting will also be taxed on a state level. Licenses will cost $250,000, with a renewal costing $200,000.
However, college sports would be exempt so that bets could only be placed on professional sports.
Under the terms of HB 1275, the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation will become the main arbiter of legal sports betting in Texas.
HJR 61: Announced in February 2019, HJR61 proposes a constitutional amendment which would legalize sports betting in Texas.
So, will Texas legalize sports betting in 2019? Despite the two bills providing a solid framework for legal sports gambling, it looks likely that anything won’t get passed until 2020. The limits of HB 1275 are plain to see too.
Under the regulations, only five permits will be issued to start with. In a state the size of Texas, there might be plenty of sports gamblers left disappointed.
Utah Sports Betting & Gambling in 2019. Along with Hawaii, Utah has some of the strictest anti-gambling legislation in the US. There are no casinos, no pari-mutuel betting at tracks, and no state lottery. In fact, Utah is just one of half a dozen states in the union that doesn’t have a lottery of some kind.
Utah first passed anti-gambling laws in the 1850s, and strengthened its laws in 1875. Some pari-mutuel betting was legalized and regulated in 1925, but the move lasted just two years.
When the DOJ issued a reinterpretation of the Wire Act in 2011, paving the way for individual states to legalize online gambling, Utah moved the other way. Utah lawmakers actually enhanced its anti-gambling laws so that all sports betting online and other internet gaming was made illegal.
In 2018, the US Supreme Court overturned PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act), branding it unconstitutional. The move allowed individual states to bring in their own sports betting legislation.
However, Utah Republican senator Orrin Hatch – who originally sponsored PASPA in 1992 – ended his tenure as senator by helping to bring in a new Criminal Code outlawing gambling. Sen. Hatch was also behind a late move to regulate sports betting on a federal level.
In 2019, Utah sports betting legislation looks unlikely, and there is no appetite for any legal casinos, poker, lottery or pari-mutuel wagering in the state, either.
Vermont Sports Betting Legislation & Gaming. Vermont is one of a handful of US states where most forms of gambling is illegal. There are no casinos, but there is a state lottery, and some pari-mutuel betting at racetracks is permitted. Most DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) sites in the US accept customers from Vermont too.
So, will Vermont legalize sports betting in 2019? The key factor could be geography. Vermont is close to eastern states like Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey, all of whom have legalized sports betting and gambling to some degree. If Vermont residents continue to travel east to place a bet, it may push state senators to introduce new laws.
In addition, a proposed bill has been introduced by the State Legislature. S 59 would lead to the creation of the Sports Betting Study Commission, but this stops short of legalizing or regulating sports betting in Vermont.
Instead, S 59 would create a report on the viability of regulation and taxation of sports betting in Vermont.
One more bill that is being considered in Vermont is H 484, which proposes to legalize sports betting in the state.
If successful, the bill would give licensees the power to give gamblers credit lines. This would enhance the experience for mobile gamblers who aren’t able to use cash to bet in person. Under the terms of H 484, bets on both college sports and professional games and matches would be legal.
Sports Betting Legislation in Virginia. Virginia has had a chequered history with gambling but when it comes to sports betting, legislation seems to be on its way.
There are currently no legal casinos in VA but pari-mutuel betting has been allowed at racetracks across the state. And following the 2018 Supreme Court ruling overturning PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) Virginia lawmakers are wasting no time trying to implement legalized sports wagering.
Eight bills were introduced by the State Legislature in VA in 2019. HB 1638 was intended to legalize sports betting. But HB 1890 went a lot further and was intended for the regulation and setting up of land-based casinos in Virginia for the first time.
HB 1890 would give powers to the Virginia Lottery Board to allow them to regulate casino gaming across the state.
But it was SB 1126 that was eventually signed into law in March 2019. Gaming and sports betting in Virginia would be limited to a handful of areas like Richmond and Norfolk. The Pamunkey Tribe will operate a casino in one of those two sites. The first licenses could be issued in 2020.
The Pamunkey Tribe only received federal recognition in 2016 and they are pushing ahead with plans for a $700m casino on reservation land.
Washington State Sports Betting Legislation 2019. For a long time, Washington State had some of the most prohibitive gambling laws in the United States. Gambling online could be treated as a Class C Felony, and there was no casino gambling outside the 35 tribal casinos spread across the state.
And it’s the Native American tribes who will likely be operating sports betting when it comes to Washington State.
Currently, sports wagering is against the law in Washington State other than “pool boards” at selected venues. However, horse racing is hugely popular.
But following the 2018 Supreme Court ruling which overturned PASPA and opened the way for states to legalize sports betting, Washington State wants in on the action.
Two bills are currently in the running to make it into the State Legislature: HB 1975 and HB 1992. HB 1975 looks to authorize sports betting in Washington, but only on the terms of current tribal gaming compacts. HB 1975 had its first reading in February 2019 and has a long way to go before it can be passed.
HB 1992 goes further and will see raffles, bingo, card games, and sports betting legalized. Sports betting facilities will include Class 1 racetracks, authorized off-track betting locations, and Washington’s tribal casinos. Unlike some US states, gamblers will be allowed to bet on both college sports and professional sports under the new law. HB 1992 also names the Washington State Gambling Commission is prime regulator for the new law.
Much of the revenue from HB 1992 will go towards funding Washington State’s popular horse racing industry. Some purse funds will be awarded with a percentage of revenue taken from legalized betting.
Washington D.C. Sports Betting Law and Gambling. Washington D.C. couldn’t be more different in its approach to gambling than Washington State. In late 2018 the D.C. Council voted overwhelmingly to approve sports betting legislation in the state.
By doing so, D.C. became the first jurisdiction in the US without a land-based casino to pass sports betting laws.
Earlier that year, the US Supreme Court repealed PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) and gave the green light to states wanting to pass their own sports betting laws. Washington D.C. now joins states like New Jersey, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in passing sports betting laws.
The passed law is DC Bill 22-0944 – the Wagering Lottery Amendment Act. The bill authorizes sports wagering in the District of Columbia, but without a brick ‘n’ mortar casino gamblers will likely be able to bet online and on mobile. No plans have been yet put forward on how licenses will be issued, or who can apply.
Sports Betting & Online Gambling in West Virginia. West Virginia has only had legalized gambling since 1994, and casinos only appeared in the state in 2007. However, the state was one of the first in the US to legalize sports betting.
WA casinos now take bets at their brick ‘n’ mortar establishments. Some mobile betting is likely to appear soon too. However, with only five casinos, there are still limited places for gamblers to place sports wagers.
West Virginia was quick off the mark passing sports betting legislation. In fact, it approved new sports wagering laws even before the US Supreme Court had finalized its overturning of PASPA.
Overseen by the West Virginia Lottery Commission, SB 415 – the West Virginia Lottery Sports Wagering Act – regulates real money sports betting. And unlike other states that have introduced their own laws, both online and mobile betting is permitted. Professional and college sports are covered by the new law.
The West Virginia Lottery Sports Wagering Act stops short of legalizing casino games and poker online, both of which are restricted to land-based casinos in the state.
Wisconsin Gambling & Sports Betting. Wisconsin has around 20 established casinos on tribal reservations, but there is little in the way of sports gambling or other types of wagering in the state.
Pari-mutuel betting arrived in 1987 but there has been a decline in both horse racing and greyhound racing ever since.
The outlook for legalized sports betting in the US is good. Half of all US states could have some kind of legal sports betting before the end of 2019. But Wisconsin is one of a handful of states where there are no plans to introduce new wagering laws. That comes despite the Supreme Court’s ruling against PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) in 2018.
Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) is a different matter. In 2016, a Wisconsin lawmaker drafted legislation intended to class fantasy sports as a game of skill. The bill was reintroduced in 2017 but opponents say it could open the state up to full, legal sportsbetting in Wisconsin.
Sports Betting Laws & Gambling in Wyoming. Wyoming has had tribal casinos since the 1990s, but commercial casinos and sports betting have so far remained illegal.
Will Wyoming legalize sports betting in 2019 to bring them in line with other US states who have passed new laws? It seems unlikely.
In 2018, the US Supreme Court ruled that the 1992 PASPA (Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act) was unconstitutional. While Congress didn’t legalize sports betting on a federal level, the ruling did open the door for states to pursue sports gambling laws of their own.
Wyoming doesn’t have a tradition of gaming and doesn’t even have a commission to oversee gambling in the state. An attempt to set up the Wyoming Gaming Commission failed in 2019.
However, there is some betting on racing through the Pari-Mutuel Commission, while the Wyoming Lottery operates the state draws. Pooled betting on horse racing is available at four racetracks: Central Wyoming Fairgrounds, Energy Downs Cam-Plex, Sweetwater Events Complex, and Wyoming Downs.
Tribal casinos in Wyoming with Class III gaming compacts may decide in the future to introduce sportsbooks, although none of the Native American tribes have expressed an interest yet. In addition, some DFS (Daily Fantasy Sports) operators like DraftKings and FanDuel accept customers from Wyoming.
There is certainly no online gambling of any kind in Wyoming. State legislators have no plans to implement legal internet casinos, online poker, or mobile gambling.